Portrait of Professor Paul Ward Professor Paul Ward

p.ward@hud.ac.uk | 01484 471124



Biography

Paul Ward is Professor of Applied Cognitive Psychology and Director of The Applied Cognition and Cognitive Engineering (AC2E) Research Group at the University of Huddersfield, UK. He received his undergraduate degree with first class honors from the University of Wolverhampton (1998), and his Masters degree with distinction from Manchester Metropolitan University (1999). His PhD, entitled The Development of Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise, was received from Liverpool John Moores University (2002). Subsequently, he held two post-doctoral research associate positions in the USA funded by the United States Department of Defense. The first was in Human Factors Psychology under the direction of Peter Hancock, Distinguished Research Professor, at the Institute for Simulation and Training and Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, USA. The second was in Applied Cognitive Science under the direction of K. Anders Ericsson, Conradi Eminent Scholar and Professor of Psychology, at the Learning Systems Institute, Florida State University. Prior to taking his current position, he has held faculty appointments as Assistant and Associate Professor, respectively, in the Department of Psychology at Florida State University and the Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences at Michigan Technological University, USA. Most recently he was Head of Centre and Professor of Psychology at the University of Greenwich. He now also holds visiting Professorial appointments at Michigan Tech (USA) and Lillehammer University College (Norway).

Professor Ward is internationally known for his pioneering research on the study of expertise and expert performance, accelerated learning and training. He has conducted research in a range of occupational and professional domains including defence, law enforcement, cyber security, elite sports and healthcare. His research focuses on understanding the cognitive system that supports skilled performance and its acquisition in complex domains, and on improving human performance through training and technological design. He has published over 80 peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, and conference proceedings papers, and presented over 80 additional keynote/invited lectures and conference papers in his field. Most recently he has co-authored a book entitled Accelerated expertise: Training for high proficiency in a complex world. His research has been featured on Nature Online, NPR talk radio, British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), and in ESPN magazine.

He is a Chartered Ergonomist and Human Factors Specialist, and Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors, Chartered Psychologist and Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society, and Chartered Scientist. He is also a full member of the U.S. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the European Chapter of the Society. He has served on U.S. National Science Foundation review panels, and currently serves on the editorial board for leading publications in his field, including Human Factors, the Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, and the Psychology Press book series “Expertise: Research and Application”. He is a past recipient of the American Psychological Association, Division 21 (Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology), George E. Briggs Dissertation Award. He has served as an Expert Witness for the Police Federation of England and Wales, is a special advisor to the English Institute of Sport, and is on the Scientific Advisory Board for Axon Sports, a commercial developer of Game Intelligence Training Software for Elite Sport.

Research and Scholarship

Research funding

Over the last 15 years, Professor Ward has attracted over £2.0 million in research funding form numerous organisations and institutions worldwide, including:

  • Centre for Defence Enterprise (via Insighlytics), Ministry of Defence, UK,  UK Government
  • Cyber Unit, Department for Transport,  UK Government
  • Defence Human Capability Science & Technology Centre, BAE Systems (on behalf of Dstl, Ministry of Defence, UK)
  • Defence Science and Technical Laboratory (Dstl), Ministry of Defence, UK Government
  • Division of Social and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation (Dissertation Grant Program)
  • Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Network Plus
  • English Institute of Sport
  • Financial Industry Regulatory Authority
  • Florida Department of Education
  • Florida State University Institute for Energy Systems, Economics, and Sustainability
  • Florida State University Learning Systems Institute
  • Lillehammer University College International Office
  • Michigan Technological University
  • National Science Foundation (Graduate Research Fellowship Program)
  • National Science Foundation (Graduate Research Opportunities Worldwide Program)
  • North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity
  • Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
  • Office of Naval Research, US Department of Defence
  • Psi Chi
  • Science of Learning Centres, National Science Foundation (Catalyst Program)
  • Sport England
  • United States Soccer Federation
  • University of Greenwich Research and Enterprise Investment Programme
  • University of Huddersfield University Research Fund

Publications and Other Research Outputs

2017

Ward, P., Hoffman, R., Conway, G., Schraagen, J., Peebles, D., Hutton, R. and Petushek, E. (2017) ‘Editorial: Macrocognition: The Science and Engineering of Sociotechnical Work SystemsFrontiers in Psychology , 8. ISSN 1664-1078

Hutton, R., Ward, P., Wilson, K., Conway, G., Amey, D., Lamb, S. and Capewell, D. (2017) ‘Developing adaptive performance skills for agile C2’. In: 22nd International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium, 6th-8th November, 2017, Los Angeles, USA

Ward, P., Belling, P., Petushek, E. and Ehrlinger, J. (2017) ‘Does talent exist? A re-evaluation of the nature-nurture debate’. In: Routledge Handbook of Talent Identification and Development in Sport. Oxon, UK and New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 19-34. ISBN 978-1138951778

Parkinson, S., Ward, P., Wilson, K. and Miller, J. (2017) ‘Cyber Threats Facing Autonomous and Connected Vehicles: Future ChallengesIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems , pp. 1-18. ISSN 1524-9050

Wilson, K., Bridges, K., Ward, P., Parkinson, S., Louw, T. and Cooney, R. (2017) ‘Driver Interaction with a Traffic Light Assistant App: A Naturalistic Investigation’. In: Contemporary Ergonomics & Human Factors 2017: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics & Human Factors. Daventry, UK: CIEHF. pp. 143-150.

2016

Ward, P., Hutton, R., Hoffman, R., Gore, J., Anderson, T., Leggatt, A. and Conway, G. (2016) ‘Developing adaptive performance in cognition’. In: 30th Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management (ANZAM)Conference, 6-9th December 2016, Brisbane, Australia

Ward, P (2016) ‘Developing adaptive expertise’. In: JFK Special Weapons Education Group Human Dynamics & Performance program, December 2016, Fort Bragg, NC. US Army

Harris, K., Eccles, D., Freeman, C. and Ward, P. (2016) ‘‘Gun! Gun! Gun!’: An exploration of law enforcement officers’ decision-making and coping under stress during actual eventsErgonomics . ISSN 0014-0139

Ward, P (2016) ‘From Studying Experts to Studying How to Become a Cyber Expert’. In: Norwegian Defence Cyber Academy, November 2016, Camp Jørstadmoen, Lillehammer, Norway

Oyvind, J., Knox, B., Helkala, K., Lugo, R., Sutterlin, S. and Ward, P. (2016) ‘Exploring the Hybrid Space Theoretical Framework Applying Cognitive Science in Military Cyberspace Operations’. In: Foundations of Augmented Cognition: Neuroergonomics and Operational Neuroscience : 10th International Conference, AC 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. : Springer. pp. 178-188. ISBN 9783319399515

Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2016) ‘A cognitive human factors approach to understanding and training police decision-making in use-of-force incidents’. In: Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeting ACJS 53rd Annual Meeting, March 29th-April 2nd, 2016, Denver, CO, USA,

Ward, P (2016) ‘Inside the Mind’s Eye of an Expert Athlete’. In: 2016 Youth Olympic Games Seminar on Elite Sport, Culture and Society, 19th February 2016, Lillehammer University College, Norway

Diekfuss, J., Ward, P. and Raisbeck, L. (2016) ‘Attention, workload, and performance: A dual-task simulated shooting studyInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , pp. 1-15. ISSN 1612-197X

Ward, P., Hutton, R., Hoffman, R., Gore, J., Anderson, T. and Leggatt, A. (2016) Developing skilled adaptive performance : a scoping study Executive summary report v3 Yeovil, UK: BAE Systems

Ward, P., Hutton, R., Hoffman, R., Gore, J., Anderson, T. and Leggatt, A. (2016) Developing skilled adaptive performance : a scoping study : Final technical report v3 Yeovil, UK: BAE Systems

Williams, P., Hodges, J. and Ward, P. (2016) ‘Expertise in sport : specificity, plasticity and adaptability’. In: Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance. : Cambridge University Press. .

2015

Petushek, E., Ward, P., Cokely, E. and Myer, G. (2015) ‘Injury Risk Estimation Expertise: Interdisciplinary Differences in Performance on the ACL Injury Risk Estimation QuizOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine , 3 (11), pp. 1-7. ISSN 2325-9671

Raisbeck, L., Regal, A., Diekfuss, J., Rhea, C. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Influence of practice schedules and attention on skill development and retentionHuman Movement Science , 43, pp. 100-106. ISSN 0167-9457

Hoffman, R. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Mentoring: A Leverage Point for Intelligent Systems?IEEE Intelligent Systems , 30 (5), pp. 78-84. ISSN 1541-1672

Ward, P. and Hoffman, R. (2015) ‘Reflections on the science of perceptual-cognitive expertise in sport: Where have we been and where are we going?’. In: 14th Annual European Congress on Sport Psychology, 14-19 July 2015, Bern, Switzerland

Belling, P. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Time to start training: A review of cognitive research in sport and proposal for bridging the gap from academia to the fieldProcedia Manufacturing , 3, pp. 1219-1224. ISSN 2351-9789

Petushek, E., Cokely, E., Ward, P., Durocher, J., Wallace, S. and Myer, G. (2015) ‘Injury Risk Estimation Expertise Assessing the ACL Injury Risk Estimation QuizThe American Journal of Sports Medicine , 43 (7), pp. 1640-1647. ISSN 0363-5465

Petushek, E., Ward, P., Cokely, E. and Myer, G. (2015) ‘Cross-professional differences in real-time assessment of ACL injury risk’. In: The 33rd International Conference on Biomechanics in Sport, 29th June-3rd July 2015, Poitiers, France

Belling, P., Sada, J. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Assessing Hitting Skill in Baseball using Simulated and Representative Tasks’. In: 12th International Naturalistic Decision Making Conference, 9th-12th June 2015, The MITRE Corporation, McLean, Virginia, USA

Petushek, E., Cokely, E., Ward, P. and Myer, G. (2015) ‘Injury Risk Estimation Expertise: Cognitive-Perceptual Mechanisms of ACL-IQJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 37 (3), pp. 291-304. ISSN 0895-2779

Petushek, E., Cokely, E., Ward, P. and Myer, G. (2015) ‘Injury prediction expertise: Cognitive-perceptual mechanisms of ACL-IQ.International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 37 (3), pp. 291-304. ISSN 1612-197X

Basevitch, I., Rossato, C., Van Paridon, K., Tenenbaum, G., Filho, E. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘A multi-disciplinary examination of football development and performance: A perceptual-cognitive perspective’. In: WCSF 2015 8th World Congress on Science & Football, 20th - 23rd May 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark

Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Predicting the future in perceptual-motor domains : perceptual anticipation, option generation and expertise’. In: The Cambridge Handbook of Applied Perception Research. : Cambridge University Press. pp. 951-976. ISBN 9781107096400

Belling, P., Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘The effect of time constraint on anticipation, decision making, and option generation in complex and dynamic environmentsCognition, Technology & Work , 17 (3), pp. 355-366. ISSN 1435-5558

Ward, P (2015) ‘The human factor: implications for professional development and patient safety’. In: IPS Implementation Learning Labs 'Spoke' Event, 26th March 2015, Peterborough, UK

Basevitch, I., Tenenbaum, G., Land, W. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Visual and Skill Effects on Soccer Passing Performance, Kinematics and Outcome EstimationsFrontiers in Psychology , 6. ISSN 1664-1078

Belling, P., Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2015) ‘Advancing theory and application of cognitive research in sport: Using representative tasks to explain and predict skilled anticipation, decision-making, and option-generation behaviorPsychology of Sport and Exercise , 16 (1), pp. 45-59. ISSN 1469-0292

Petushek, E., Cokely, E., Ward, P., Durocher, J., Wallace, S. and Myer, G. (2015) ‘Visual estimation of ACL injury risk: Efficient assessment method, group differences, and expertise mechanisms’. In: 2015 Keweenaw Medical Conference, 28th-30th August 2015, Keweenaw Mountain Lodge Copper Harbor, MI, USA

2014

Petushek, E., Cokely, E., Ward, P., Myer, G. and Wallace, S. (2014) ‘Expert Injury Risk Assessment: Investigating the ACL-IQ’. In: 35th Annual Conference of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making Conference, 21-24 November 2014, Long Beach, California

Whyte IV, J., Hauber, R. and Ward, P. (2014) ‘The effect of a structured internship on the clinical performance of novice nurses?Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 4 (11), pp. 74-81. ISSN 1925-4040

Hoffman, R., Ward, P., Feltovich, P., DiBello, L., Fiore, S. and Andrews, D. (2014) Accelerated Expertise : Training for High Proficiency in a Complex World . : Psychology Press. ISBN 9781848726529

Diekfuss, J., Ward, P. and Raisbeck, L. (2014) ‘Somatic anxiety and skill level: The effects on skilled performanceJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 36 (S27). ISSN 0895-2779

Ward, P (2014) ‘Accelerating expertise via Adaptive Cognitive Engineering (AcE2): Training game-reading and decision making skill in sport’. In: 5th Annual Meeting of Expertise and Skill Acquisition Network (ESAN), 30th April - 1st May 2014, The English Institute of Sport Sheffield

Petushek, E., Cokely, E., Ward, P., Krosshaug, T. and Myer, G. (2014) ‘Visual assessment of ACL injury risk: Can expertise be achieved?’. In: IOC World Conference on Prevention of Injury and Illness in Sport, 10-12th April 2014, Monaco

Ward, P (2014) ‘Verbal protocols’. In: Encyclopedia of sport and exercise psychology. : Sage. pp. 143-146. ISBN 9781452203836

Ward, P (2014) ‘Cognitive task analysis’. In: Encyclopedia of sport and exercise psychology. : Sage. pp. 143-146. ISBN 9781452203836

Champion, M., Jariwala, S., Ward, P. and Cooke, N. (2014) ‘Using Cognitive Task Analysis to Investigate the Contribution of Informal Education to Developing Cyber Security ExpertiseProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 58 (1), pp. 310-314. ISSN 1541-9312

Suss, J., Belling, P. and Ward, P. (2014) ‘Use of Cognitive Task Analysis to Probe Option-Generation in Law EnforcementProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 58 (1), pp. 280-284. ISSN 1541-9312

Belling, P., Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2014) ‘Cognitive Processes Supporting Recognition in Complex and Dynamic TasksProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 58 (1), pp. 290-294. ISSN 1541-9312

Belling, P. and Ward, P. (2014) ‘Spatial ability predicts domain-specific recognition skill better than anticipation skill in recreational-level soccer players’. In: 19th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 2nd - 5th July 2014, Amsterdam, Netherlands

2013

Whyte, J., Pickett-Hauber, R., Ward, P., Eccles, D. and Harris, K. (2013) ‘The Relationship between Standardized Test Scores and Clinical PerformanceClinical Simulation in Nursing , 9 (12), p. e563-e570. ISSN 1876-1399

Ward, P (2013) ‘Perceptual-cognitive skill: The sine qua non of expert performance.’. In: School of Applied Social Sciences Seminar Series, 13th November 2013, Durham University

Eccles, D., Ward, P., Goldsmith, E. and Arsal, G. (2013) ‘The Relationship between Retirement Wealth and Householders' Lifetime Personal Financial and Investing BehaviorsJournal of Consumer Affairs , 47 (3), pp. 432-464. ISSN 0022-0078

Ward, P., Ericsson, K. and Williams, A. (2013) ‘Complex Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise in a Simulated Task EnvironmentJournal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making , 7 (3), pp. 231-254. ISSN 1555-3434

King, H., Pastel, R., Ward, P. and Wallace, C. (2013) ‘Extrinsic Motivation and User PerformanceProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 57 (1), pp. 1017-1021. ISSN 1541-9312

Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2013) ‘Investigating Perceptual Anticipation in a Naturalistic Task using a Temporal Occlusion Paradigm: A Method for Determining Optimal Occlusion PointsProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 57 (1), pp. 304-308. ISSN 1541-9312

Land, W., Tenenbaum, G., Ward, P. and Marquardt, C. (2013) ‘Examination of visual information as a mediator of external focus benefitsJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 35 (3), pp. 250-259. ISSN 0895-2779

Belling, P., Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2013) ‘Investigating constraints on decision making strategies’. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making. : Arpege Science. pp. 133-138. ISBN 9791092329001

Harris, K., Eccles, D., Ward, P. and Whyte, J. (2013) ‘A Theoretical Framework for Simulation in Nursing: Answering Schiavenato’s CallJournal of Nursing Education , 52 (1), pp. 6-16. ISSN 0148-4834

2012

Whyte, J., Ward, P., Eccles, D., Harris, K., Nandagopal, K. and Torof, J. (2012) ‘Nurses’ immediate response to the fall of a hospitalized patient: A comparison of actions and cognitions of experienced and novice nursesInternational Journal of Nursing Studies , 49 (9), pp. 1054-1063. ISSN 0020-7489

Suss, J. and Ward, P. (2012) ‘Use of an Option Generation Paradigm to Investigate Situation Assessment and Response Selection in Law EnforcementProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 56 (1), pp. 297-301. ISSN 1541-9312

Williams, A., Ward, P., Bell-Walker, J. and Ford, P. (2012) ‘Perceptual-cognitive expertise, practice history profiles and recall performance in soccerBritish Journal of Psychology , 103 (3), pp. 393-411. ISSN 0007-1269

2011

Pastel, R. and Ward, P. (2011) ‘Modeling the Orientation of Graphical Objects on Computer Displays Using Indented Mouse WheelsHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting Proceedings , 55 (1), pp. 510-514. ISSN 1071-1813

McRobert, A., Ward, P., Eccles, D. and Williams, A. (2011) ‘The effect of manipulating context-specific information on perceptual-cognitive processes during a simulated anticipation taskBritish Journal of Psychology , 102 (3), pp. 519-534. ISSN 0007-1269

Ward, P., Suss, J., Eccles, D., Williams, A. and Harris, K. (2011) ‘Skill-based differences in option generation in a complex task: a verbal protocol analysisCognitive Processing , 12 (3), pp. 289-300. ISSN 1612-4782

Land, W., Tenenbaum, G., Ward, P., Eklund, R. and Eccles, D. (2011) ‘Examination of the mediating effects of visual information on the benefits of external focus’. In: 13th European Congress of Sport Psychology, 12-17th July 2011, Madeira, Portugal

Ward, P (2011) ‘Prediction and Situational Option Generation in Soccer’. In: 10th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making, 31st May-3rd June 2011, Orlando, Florida

Williams, A., Ford, P., Eccles, D. and Ward, P. (2011) ‘Perceptual-cognitive expertise in sport and its acquisition: Implications for applied cognitive psychologyApplied Cognitive Psychology , 25 (3), pp. 432-442. ISSN 0888-4080

Eccles, D., Ward, P. and Goldsmith, E. (2011) ‘How Do We Make Financial Education Policy Work? How Research on Personal Financial Practices Associated with Wealth Accumulation Can Enhance the Effectiveness of Financial Educational Programs’. In: 2011 American Council on Consumer Interests Conference Proceedings. : ACCI. .

Eccles, D., Ward, P., Woodman, T., Janelle, C., Le Scanff, C., Ehrlinger, J., Castanier, C. and Coombes, S. (2011) ‘Where's the Emotion? How Sport Psychology Can Inform Research on Emotion in Human FactorsHuman Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society , 53 (2), pp. 180-202. ISSN 0018-7208

North, J., Ward, P., Ericsson, K. and Williams, A. (2011) ‘Mechanisms underlying skilled anticipation and recognition in a dynamic and temporally constrained domainMemory , 19 (2), pp. 155-168. ISSN 0965-8211

2010

Ward, P., Ehrlinger, J., Eccles, D. and Robertson, S. (2010) ‘Skill-Based Differences in Cognition and Metacognition in Advanced Placement Biology’. In: Annual Meeting of the American Education Research Association, 30th April - 4th May 2010, Denver, Colorado

Whyte, J., Pickett-Hauber, R., Cormier, E., Grubbs, L. and Ward, P. (2010) ‘A study of the relationship of nursing interventions and cognitions to the physiologic outcomes of care in a simulated task environmentApplied Nursing Research , 23 (1), p. e1-e8. ISSN 0897-1897

2009

Whyte, J., Ward, P. and Eccles, D. (2009) ‘The relationship between knowledge and clinical performance in novice and experienced critical care nursesHeart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care , 38 (6), pp. 517-525. ISSN 0147-9563

Ericsson, K., Perez, R., Eccles, D., Lang, L., Baker, E., Bransford, J., VanLehn, K. and Ward, P. (2009) ‘The measurement and development of professional performance : an introduction to the topic and the organization of this book’. In: Development of Professional Expertise: Toward Measurement of Expert Performance and Design of Optimal Learning Environments. : Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-24. ISBN 9780521740081

McRobert, A., Williams, A., Ward, P. and Eccles, D. (2009) ‘Tracing the process of expertise in a simulated anticipation taskErgonomics , 52 (4), pp. 474-483. ISSN 0014-0139

Ward, P., Suss, J. and Basevitch, I. (2009) ‘Expertise and Expert Performance-based Training (ExPerT) in Complex DomainsTechnology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning , 7 (2), pp. 121-145. ISSN 1540-0182

North, J., Williams, A., Hodges, N., Ward, P. and Ericsson, K. (2009) ‘Perceiving patterns in dynamic action sequences: Investigating the processes underpinning stimulus recognition and anticipation skillApplied Cognitive Psychology , 23 (6), pp. 878-894. ISSN 0888-4080

Ford, P., Ward, P., Hodges, N. and Williams, A. (2009) ‘The role of deliberate practice and play in career progression in sport: the early engagement hypothesisHigh Ability Studies , 20 (1), pp. 65-75. ISSN 1359-8139

Eccles, D., Ward, P. and Woodman, T. (2009) ‘Competition-specific preparation and expert performancePsychology of Sport and Exercise , 10 (1), pp. 96-107. ISSN 1469-0292

2008

Williams, A., Herron, K., Ward, P. and Smeeton, N. (2008) ‘Using situational probabilities to train perceptual and cognitive skill in novice soccer players’. In: Science and Football V: The Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress on Sports Science and Football. : Routledge. pp. 348-351. ISBN 9780415484800

Williams, M., Ward, J., Ward, P. and Smeeton, N. (2008) ‘Domain Specificity, Task Specificity, and Expert PerformanceResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport , 79 (3), pp. 428-433. ISSN 0270-1367

Duley, A., Ward, P. and Hancock, P. (2008) ‘Setting up a laboratory for the measurement of complex performance’. In: Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology. : Routledge. pp. 789-800. ISBN 9780415963381

Williams, A., Ericsson, K., Ward, P. and Eccles, D. (2008) ‘Research on expertise in sport: Implications for the military.Military Psychology , 20 (Suppl), p. S123-S145. ISSN 0899-5605

Ward, P., Farrow, D., Harris, K., Williams, A., Eccles, D. and Ericsson, K. (2008) ‘Training perceptual-cognitive skills: Can sport psychology research inform military decision training?Military Psychology , 20 (Suppl), p. S71-S102. ISSN 0899-5605

2007

Ericsson, K. and Ward, P. (2007) ‘Capturing the Naturally Occurring Superior Performance of Experts in the Laboratory: Toward a Science of Expert and Exceptional PerformanceCurrent Directions in Psychological Science , 16 (6), pp. 346-350. ISSN 0963-7214

Balmer, N., Nevill, A., Lane, A., Ward, P., Williams, A. and Fairclough, S. (2007) ‘Influence of Crowd Noise on Soccer Refereeing Consistency in SoccerJournal of Sports Behavior , 30 (2), pp. 130-145. ISSN 0162-7341

Williams, A. and Ward, P. (2007) ‘Anticipation and decision making : exploring new horizons’. In: Handbook of sport psychology. : John Wiley & Sons. pp. 203-223. ISBN 9780471738114

2006

Crosby, M., Scholtz, J. and Ward, P. (2006) ‘Special issue of interacting with computers: Symbiotic performance between humans and intelligent systemsInteracting With Computers , 18 (6), pp. 1165-1169. ISSN 0953-5438

Ward, P., Williams, A. and Hancock, P. (2006) ‘Simulation for performance and training’. In: The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance. : Cambridge University Press. pp. 243-262. ISBN 9780521600811

2004

Williams, A., Ward, P. and Smeeton, N. (2004) ‘Perceptual and cognitive expertise in sport : implications for skill acquisition and performance enhancement’. In: Skill Acquisition in Sport: Research, Theory and Practice. : Routledge. pp. 328-347. ISBN 9780415270755

Ward, P., Hodges, N., Williams, A. and Starkes, J. (2004) ‘Deliberate practice and expert performance : defining the path to excellence’. In: Skill Acquisition in Sport: Research, Theory and Practice. : Routledge. pp. 232-258. ISBN 9780415270755

2003

Williams, A. and Ward, P. (2003) ‘Perceptual expertise : development in sport’. In: Expert Performance in Sports : advances in research on sport expertise. : Human Kinetics Publishers. pp. 220-249. ISBN 9780736041522

Esteem

  • National Science Foundation Computer Sciences grant review panel member, USA (2017)
  • Guest Professor, Norwegian Defence Cyber Academy (Forsvaret Ingeniørhøgskole), Camp Jørstadmoen, Lillehammer, Norway (2015-present)
  • Chartered Ergonomist and Human Factors Specialist and Fellow, Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors (2015-present)
  • Chartered Scientist, The Science Council, UK (2014-present)
  • Chartered Psychologist and Associate Fellow, British Psychological Society (2013-present)
  • Visiting Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Lillehammer University College (Høgskolen i Lillehammer), Norway (2014-present)
  • Adjunct Professor of Applied Cognitive Science and Human Factors, Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences, Michigan Technological University, USA (2010-present)
  • Guest Associate Editor, Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Science Research Topic--Macrocognition: The Science and Engineering of Sociotechnical Work Systems (2015-2016)
  • Editorial board member, Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (2014-present)
  • Editorial board member, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (2013-2015)
  • Editorial board member, Psychology Press (Taylor & Francis) book series - “Expertise: Research and Application” (2013-present)
  • National Science Foundation Economics and Decision Sciences grant review panel member, USA (2012, 2013)
  • National Science Foundation Cyber-Physical Systems grant review panel member, USA (2016)
  • External PhD examiner, Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (2013)
  • External PhD examiner, Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands (2014)
  • External member of Academic Program Review Board, School of Sport and Education, Brunel University, UK (2014)
  • External assessor / interview panel member, School of Sport and Education, Brunel University, UK (2013)
  • External Promotion and Tenure Assessor; University of Central Florida (USA), George Mason University (USA), Southern Illinois University (USA), Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Israel)
  • Past recipient of the George E. Briggs Dissertation Award, Division 21 (Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology), American Psychological Association, USA
  • Ad hoc rewiewer for over 30 journals and conference proceedings, including Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, Ergonomics, Psychology of Sport & Exercise Psychology
  • Ad hoc reviewer for international funding agencies, including National Science Foundation (USA), Economic and Social Research Council (UK), Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, US-Israeli Bi-National Science Foundation, Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation

Research Degree Supervision

Professor Ward’s research is centered around the fields of applied cognition, human factors psychology and cognitive engineering, and on using cognitive task analysis and cognitive process-tracing methods to study expertise and improve human performance in complex, dynamic and stressful environments. He is interested in reviewing applications from PhD students or working with collaborators in the following areas, in the context of complex work environments, such as sport, healthcare, military, and law enforcement or other dynamic domains:

  • Expert cognition and metacognition
  • Macrocognition (incl. sensemaking, situation assessment, & decision making, etc.)
  • Expert performance
  • Expert learning, training and skill maintenance
  • Learning, skill acquisition and talent development
  • Accelerated learning
  • Proficiency scaling
  • Learning and training in simulated environments
  • Design, development, delivery and evaluation of training
  • Professional development, coaching and mentoring
  • Skilled performance under stress
  • Decision-centered design
  • Cognitive task analysis and process-tracing methods, including verbal reports of thinking, eye-movement recording, critical decision method interviews, etc.

Current supervisions

I have previously supervised (as first, co-supervisor, or second supervisor) 6 PhD and 6 MS (US equivalent to MPhil) to completion. Current PhD/MS students include:

  • Donna Kemp (Expected 2020). Designing healthcare tools for Sensemaking. PhD, Psychology, University of Huddersfield (Co-chair)
  • Danielle Snowball (Expected 2019). Weapon focus and threat assessment in Law Enforcement. PhD, Psychology, University of Huddersfield (Chair)
  • Samantha Buckley (Expected 2018). Cognitive Psychology. MSc, Psychology, University of Huddersfield (2nd Supervisor)
  • Matthew Pears (Expected 2019). Training sense making in using virtual reality. PhD, Psychology, University of Huddersfield (2nd Supervisor)
  • Louise Ellis (Expected 2019). The impact of psycho-physiological practice methods on skill learning and coping under high pressure. PhD, Psychology, University of Huddersfield (Chair)
  • Patrick Belling (Expected 2017). Online Assessment of Strategic Skill in Sport. PhD, Applied Cognitive Science and Human Factors, Michigan Technological University (Chair)

Postgraduate research opportunities with Professor Paul Ward

2017-18

PhD
MSc by Research

2018-19

PhD
MSc by Research

Enterprise Activities

  • Consultant, Norwegian Armed Forces Cyber Academy (2015)
  • Scientific advisory board member, Axon Sports LLC, USA (2012-present)
  • Consultant, Axon Sports, LLC, USA (2012-2014)
  • Special advisor, English Institute of Sport and UK Sport (2013-present)
  • Consultant, United States Olympic Committee (High Performance Division) (2012-2013), including USA Shooting and USA Volleyball teams
  • Expert witness, Slater & Gordon LLC Solicitors, London (on behalf of Police Federation of England & Wales) (2013)
  • Partnership Agreement Team, University of Greenwich and Charlton Athletic FC (2013-2014)
  • On-going collaboration with Dr Gareth Conway, Principal Social Scientist, Defense Science & Technology Laboratory, UK Ministry of Defense (2013-present)
  • On-going collaboration with David Thorndycraft, Principal Engineer, Thales Avionics UK (2014-present)

© 2017 University of Huddersfield - All rights reserved

VAT registration number 516 3101 90